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:: Nepal in Transition Monthly Updates No Alternative to Resignation of the PM: UML (March 4-10)
Sunday, 11 March 2012 09:12

No Alternative to Resignation of the PM: UML (March 4-10)

UML held its meeting of National Representative Council in Kathmandu from 4 to 6 March, 2012. In the opening ceremony held in the Khula Manch in Kathmandu, UML senior leaders accused UCPN (M) of being the main obstacle against the peace process and constitution-drafting. They stated that they would now take the leadership in the peace process and constitution-drafting and also announced the end of internal conflict in the party. They also demanded the resignation of prime minister Baburam Bhattarai accusing him of being a failure in all aspects.

In the closed session of the Council meeting, chairperson Khanal presented his political report and declared that the government has lost its legitimacy. Commenting on the government, Khanal said, ‘The government has shown apathy on the peace process and constitution-drafting but has also backtracked on the 7-point agreement and has lost its legitimacy. Therefore, there is no alternative for this government other than to resign and pave the way for a national consensus government to conclude the peace and constitution-drafting process’.

Khanal also expressed his scepticism at completion of constitution-drafting without concluding the peace process. In his report, he mentioned that there are still no clear indications to complete the constitution-drafting and conclude the peace process. ‘In this scenario, the danger of the country and people facing the challenge of a new dictatorship and anarchy is not over’, states Khanal in his report.

After two days of deliberations among the representatives, UML demanded the resignation of prime minister Bhattarai. The official report endorsed by the party states, ‘The present government has lost its legitimacy because it was formed through a 4-point agreement which is against the country and people, instead of seeking a consensus among the major political parties. Therefore, this meeting asks the present failed prime minister to resign and pave the way for a national consensus government’.

Similarly, UML also raised questions on the peace process—‘UCPN (M) has raised obstacles one after another going against past consensus, understandings, agreements, and decision. Going against the 7-point demand of November 1, 2011, it has been demanding various ranks in the Nepal Army, which will affect the Army’s professional and non-political character and neutrality. This has not only added complexity to the issue of integration, but also invites the danger of disputes and politicisation in the Army’. Expressing serious concern over this, the meeting has ‘demanded that the integration be done within the 7-point agreement and conclude the remaining work in the peace process’.

In the meantime, despite discussions among UCPN (M), Congress, and UML, there was no agreement on the commission for the disappeared and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Constituent Assembly chairperson Subash Nemwang met prime minister Bhattarai and asked him ‘take the peace and constitution-drafting process forward’. In his response, prime minister Bhattarai said that the ‘integration process will be completed by March 13’. Congress president Sushil Koirala warned of seeking an alternative to the government if there was no progress by then. UCPN (M) chairperson Pushpa Kamal Dahal accused Congress and UML of trying to derail the peace and constitution-drafting process because UCPN has not splintered. He also said that because of Congress and UML, the possibility of promulgating the constitution by May 27 is slim.

Meanwhile, the leaders of United Democratic Madhesi Front (UDMF) met prime minister Bhattarai and UCPN (M) chairperson Dahal accusing the government of not taking initiative to address the Madhes issues. The leaders agreed to amend laws to provide citizenship by descent to the children of parents who had got citizenship through birth. There was also an agreement to take the process of recruiting Madhesi youths into the Nepal Army. Opposition parties Congress and UML opposed the agreement between the two governing coalition partners. They insisted the government should run according to the ‘7-point agreement and rule of law’.

Major Developments


March 4

Meeting of National Representative Council of UML starts in Kathmandu. Mass meeting in Khula Manch. Senior leaders claim that they will take the leadership of the peace process and constitution-drafting. Announcement to make UML the largest party.
Meeting UCPN (M), Congress, and UML at Dallu residence of UML chairperson Jhala Nath Khanal. Discussion on the commission for the disappeared and Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
Meeting of the National Security Council discusses the draft of the National Security Policy and agreement is reached to review it.
Congress senior leader Sher Bahadur Deuba speaking in Rolpa states that if the constitution is not promulgated by May 27, the country should hold elections.

March 5

UML chairperson Jhala Nath Khanal presents his political report to the meeting of the party’s National Representative Council. He states there are no clear indications that the peace process and constitution-drafting will be concluded by Mary 27.
18 CA members from Madhesi Janadhikar Forum (Loktantrik) start a signature campaign against chairperson Bijaya Kumar Gachhedar, accusing of running party on his own and demand parliamentary party meeting.
Nepal halts construction of the fast-track. It informs the Ministry of Physical Planning and Works that it is halting the construction work as there was an investigation into it.

March 6

The meeting of UML National Representative Council concludes; demands resignation of prime minister Baburam Bhattarai, accusing him of having lost legitimacy.
Congress holds a Tarai-focused meeting in Itahari. Congress president Sushil Koirala warns of disintegration of the country if there is ethnic restructuring and suggests its cadres not to go for ethnic restructuring.
Minister of Tourism and Civil Aviation Lokendra Bista Magar on his way to Germany is stopped in Abu Dhabi because he does not have the required visa.
Meeting between prime minister Baburam Bhattarai and leaders of Madhesi Janadhikar Forum (Ganatantrik) at the Office of the Prime Minister in Baluwatar. The leaders of Forum (Ganatantrik) demand that the government address the demands of Madhes as per the 4-point agreement. The prime minister commits to implement the agreement.

March 7

Congress president Sushil Koirala states that if the peace process is not concluded by March 13, a Congress-led government will be formed.
Congress training of its cadres concludes in Itahari of the eastern region with suggestion for not making more than seven states.

March 8

Meeting between UCPN (M) chairperson Pushpa Kamal Dahal and Congress president Sushil Koirala. Discussion on the peace process and constitution-drafting. UCPN (M) chairperson Dahal states that the peace process will not be stalled again.
Meeting between UCPN (M) chairperson Pushpa Kamal Dahal and prime minister Baburam Bhattarai and leaders of United Democratic Madhesi Front. Prime minister gives his assurance to implement the 4-point agreement. Prime minister commits to give priority to amend the laws on citizenship and recruitment of Madhesi into the Nepal Army.
UCPN (M) chairperson Pushpa Kamal Dahal addresses the International Women’s Day celebrations in Kathmandu, accuses Congress and UML of trying to derail the entire peace process.

March 9

Meeting of Lumbini Development Directorate Committee. UCPN (M) chairperson Pushpa Kamal Dahal announces the visit of UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon in April 28, 2012.
Meeting between prime minister Baburam Bhattarai and CA chairperson Subash Nemwang. Chairperson Nemwang asks the prime minister to take the peace process and constitution-drafting forward. Chairperson Nemwang states the prime minister expressed that the army integration process will begin by March 13.

March 10

Maoist combatants vacate satellite camps.
2-day conference of the district and appellate court judges from the western region concludes in Pokhara. The meet endorses the proposal that constitutional court and reappointment of judges will not be acceptable.
UCPN (M) chairperson Pushpa Kamal Dahal addresses the family members of the disappeared at party headquarters in Parisdada. He states that there is slim chance of the constitution being promulgated by May 27 because Congress and UML do not want to draft the constitution as there is unity within UCPN (M).