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सर्वोच्च अदालतमा आठ जना स्थायी न्यायाधीश नियुक्तिका लागि न्यायपरिषद्ले गरेको सिफारिसलाई लामो विवाद र बहसपछि संसदीय सुनवाई विशेष समितिले अनुमोदन गर्यो । गम्भीर आरोपसहित न्यायाधीशहरुको सुनवाई हुनु तर तीमध्ये एक जनालाई पनि नरोक्नुले संसदीय सुनवाईको औचित्यमाथि प्रश्न उठ्यो । उता, संविधानसभा पहिले भन्दा संविधान निर्माण प्रकृयामा बढी केन्द्रीत भयो । अघिल्लो संविधानसभामा विभिन्न समितिले तयार पारेका सहमति र असहमतिका बुँदाबारे सभासद्हरुले संविधानसभामा छलफल गरे । तर, विभाजित मुद्दाहरुमा उनीहरु अघिल्लो संविधानसभाको भन्दा खासै फरक रुपमा प्रस्तुत भएनन् । पहिले झै राजनीतिक दलहरुको अडान अनुसार सभासदहरुले धारणा व्यक्त गर्दा स्वामित्व बढ्ने बाहेक थप उपलब्धी हुन सकेन । संविधानसभामा निर्वाचनबाट तेस्रो पार्टी भएको एकीकृत नेकपा माओवादीमा विवादका कारण भाँडभैलो सिर्जना भयो भने संविधानसभाको दोस्रो ठूलो दल नेकपा एमालेमा महाधिवेशनको सरगर्मी बढ्यो ।

नयाँ संविधान जारी गर्दा संविधानसभा अध्यक्ष र राष्ट्रपतिको भूमिकालाई लिएर सत्तारुढ दल नेपाली काँग्रेस र नेकपा एमलेबीच विवाद भयो । मुख्य राजनीतिक दलहरुबीचको विवादले संविधानसभाको संविधानसभा नियमावलीले अन्तिम रुप पाउने ढिला भयो । तैपनि संविधानसभा नियमावली पारित हुनु, संविधान निर्माणमा भूमिका निर्वाह गर्ने संविधानसभाका समितिहरुमा नेतृत्व चयन हुनु र अघिल्लो संविधानसभाले गरेका कामको स्वामित्व लिएर अघि दलहरु अघि बढनुले संविधान निर्माण हुनेमा आशा भने थपियो । तर, बैठक बस्न गणपुरक संख्या समेत नपुग्दा संसद समेत आलोचित भयो । उता, राजनीतिक सहमति जुटाएर २६ जना सभासद चयन गर्न पनि सरकार असफल भयो ।

भुवन केसी/ तिलक पाठक

संविधानसभा निर्वाचन सम्पन्न भएको करिव तीन महिनापछि मात्रै नेपाली काँग्रेसका सभापति सुशील कोइरालाको नेतृत्वमा बहुमतीय सरकार गठन भयो । काँग्रेसले सर्वदलिय अर्थात संविधानसभा रहेका सबै दल सहभागी भएको सरकार गठन गर्न प्रयास गरेपनि सफल नभएपछि एमालेलगायत केही दलको समथर्नमा बहुमतीय सरकार गठन भयो । तर, सत्ता बाडफाँडको विषयलाई लिएर काँग्रेस र एमालेबीच शुरुमै राम्रो सम्बन्ध हुन सकेन । गृह मन्त्रालयको विषयमा काँग्रेस र एमालेबीच विवाद हुँदा मन्त्रिपरिषद् विस्तार ढिला हुन पुग्यो । यसबीचमा संविधान निर्माणसँग प्रत्यक्ष तथा अप्रत्यक्ष रुपमा जोडिएका केही काम त भए । तर, ती अत्यन्तै धिमे गतिमा थिए । एमाओवादी र एमालेले राष्ट्रपतिको निर्वाचन हुनुपर्ने माग उठाएपनि समयक्रमसँगै सो मुद्धा शिथिल हुँदै गयो । संविधानसभा निर्वाचनमा संस्थागत धाँधली भयो भन्दै छानबिन गर्न माग गर्दै आएको एमाओवादीले त्यसलाई संसदमा समेत प्रभावकारी रुपमा उठाउन सकेन ।

Bhuwan KC/ Tilak Pathak

After the political parties had selected CA members under proportional representation and submitted their list to the Election Commission, a dispute arose on whether the chairperson of the Council of Ministers Khil Raj Regmi or the President Ram Baran Yadav should call the first sitting of the CA. after a long delay, the chairperson of the Council of Ministers called the meeting at the end. Though the major political parties tried to take ownership of the decisions taken by the first CA, the proposal did not get into the CA as there was no consensus among all the parties in the CA.

Bhuwan KC/Tilak Pathak
The parties which had claiming rigged elections finally agreed to sit in the Constituent Assembly after several attempts. Amidst extensive protests and dissatisfaction, the political parties were able to finalise the list of candidates for the proportional representation. At the same time, this also created internal rifts within the parties. In addition, a dispute arose about whether the prime minister or the President should call the meeting of the Constituent Assembly. Nepali Congress and UML could not agree in principle on a power-sharing deal according to the new mandate. In the name of consensus, the list of proportional candidates could not be finalised in time, which further postponed the CA meeting. without consensus among the parties and delay in CA meeting, new government could not be formed. In the absence of timely consensus among the parties to take the process forward, public excitement seen during the CA election began to wane.

Thursday, 05 December 2013 13:08

Second CA Election Concludes, Changes in Power

Bhuwan KC/Tilak Pathak

The second CA election concluded one and half years after the first CA was dissolved when it failed to draft a constitution. The elections this time went ahead despite extensive protests from the Vaidya-led CPN (M) and smaller 33-party alliance. However, there was few human loss compared to the previous election. After the election, the previously largest party UCPN (M) was limited to the third place, and the previously second largest party the NC became the largest party, while the previously third largest party UML succeeded in becoming the second largest in the new CA. However, after the defeat in the election, UCPN (M) and other parties demanded investigation into the election, raising questions about the election process. They also threatened to not submit the list of proportional candidates and not joining the CA.

Wednesday, 06 November 2013 14:04

Parties enter Election fray

Bhuwan KC/Tilak Pathak
Except for the 33-party election alliance including the Mohan Vaidya-led CPN (M), other major parties entered the election fray. Despite continuous attempts to disturb the election, the Election Commission and the political parties kept moving ahead, and with the cooperation of the parties and the Election Commission to the government, the country was in the midst of the elections. In spite of the murder of the election candidates and obstructions in places, the parties in the fray reached among the people. This created an atmosphere for political process, which had stalled after the dissolution of the first CA, to move forward. Along with the doubts if the election would be free of fear when the 33 parties had boycotted it, there was political polarisation between those in favour and against the election to the Constitution Assembly. The possibility of new political conflict remained despite promulgation of a constitution through the Constituent Assembly.

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